Warning: Table './havens_d5dev/watchdog' is marked as crashed and last (automatic?) repair failed query: INSERT INTO watchdog (uid, type, message, severity, link, location, referer, hostname, timestamp) VALUES (0, 'php', '<em>Parameter 1 to theme_field() expected to be a reference, value given</em> in <em>/var/www/drupal5dev_prod/includes/theme.inc</em> on line <em>174</em>.', 2, '', 'http://havenscenter.org/vsp/orlando_patterson', '', '35.172.201.102', 1544981317) in /var/www/drupal5dev_prod/includes/database.mysql.inc on line 173

Warning: Table './havens_d5dev/watchdog' is marked as crashed and last (automatic?) repair failed query: INSERT INTO watchdog (uid, type, message, severity, link, location, referer, hostname, timestamp) VALUES (0, 'php', '<em>Parameter 1 to theme_field() expected to be a reference, value given</em> in <em>/var/www/drupal5dev_prod/includes/theme.inc</em> on line <em>174</em>.', 2, '', 'http://havenscenter.org/vsp/orlando_patterson', '', '35.172.201.102', 1544981317) in /var/www/drupal5dev_prod/includes/database.mysql.inc on line 173

Warning: Table './havens_d5dev/watchdog' is marked as crashed and last (automatic?) repair failed query: INSERT INTO watchdog (uid, type, message, severity, link, location, referer, hostname, timestamp) VALUES (0, 'php', '<em>Parameter 1 to theme_field() expected to be a reference, value given</em> in <em>/var/www/drupal5dev_prod/includes/theme.inc</em> on line <em>174</em>.', 2, '', 'http://havenscenter.org/vsp/orlando_patterson', '', '35.172.201.102', 1544981317) in /var/www/drupal5dev_prod/includes/database.mysql.inc on line 173

Warning: Table './havens_d5dev/watchdog' is marked as crashed and last (automatic?) repair failed query: INSERT INTO watchdog (uid, type, message, severity, link, location, referer, hostname, timestamp) VALUES (0, 'php', '<em>Parameter 1 to theme_field() expected to be a reference, value given</em> in <em>/var/www/drupal5dev_prod/includes/theme.inc</em> on line <em>174</em>.', 2, '', 'http://havenscenter.org/vsp/orlando_patterson', '', '35.172.201.102', 1544981317) in /var/www/drupal5dev_prod/includes/database.mysql.inc on line 173

Warning: Table './havens_d5dev/watchdog' is marked as crashed and last (automatic?) repair failed query: INSERT INTO watchdog (uid, type, message, severity, link, location, referer, hostname, timestamp) VALUES (0, 'php', '<em>Parameter 1 to theme_field() expected to be a reference, value given</em> in <em>/var/www/drupal5dev_prod/includes/theme.inc</em> on line <em>174</em>.', 2, '', 'http://havenscenter.org/vsp/orlando_patterson', '', '35.172.201.102', 1544981317) in /var/www/drupal5dev_prod/includes/database.mysql.inc on line 173

Warning: Table './havens_d5dev/watchdog' is marked as crashed and last (automatic?) repair failed query: INSERT INTO watchdog (uid, type, message, severity, link, location, referer, hostname, timestamp) VALUES (0, 'php', '<em>Parameter 1 to theme_field() expected to be a reference, value given</em> in <em>/var/www/drupal5dev_prod/includes/theme.inc</em> on line <em>174</em>.', 2, '', 'http://havenscenter.org/vsp/orlando_patterson', '', '35.172.201.102', 1544981317) in /var/www/drupal5dev_prod/includes/database.mysql.inc on line 173

Warning: Table './havens_d5dev/watchdog' is marked as crashed and last (automatic?) repair failed query: INSERT INTO watchdog (uid, type, message, severity, link, location, referer, hostname, timestamp) VALUES (0, 'php', '<em>Parameter 1 to theme_field() expected to be a reference, value given</em> in <em>/var/www/drupal5dev_prod/includes/theme.inc</em> on line <em>174</em>.', 2, '', 'http://havenscenter.org/vsp/orlando_patterson', '', '35.172.201.102', 1544981317) in /var/www/drupal5dev_prod/includes/database.mysql.inc on line 173

Warning: Table './havens_d5dev/watchdog' is marked as crashed and last (automatic?) repair failed query: INSERT INTO watchdog (uid, type, message, severity, link, location, referer, hostname, timestamp) VALUES (0, 'php', '<em>Parameter 1 to theme_field() expected to be a reference, value given</em> in <em>/var/www/drupal5dev_prod/includes/theme.inc</em> on line <em>174</em>.', 2, '', 'http://havenscenter.org/vsp/orlando_patterson', '', '35.172.201.102', 1544981317) in /var/www/drupal5dev_prod/includes/database.mysql.inc on line 173

Warning: Table './havens_d5dev/watchdog' is marked as crashed and last (automatic?) repair failed query: INSERT INTO watchdog (uid, type, message, severity, link, location, referer, hostname, timestamp) VALUES (0, 'php', '<em>Parameter 1 to theme_field() expected to be a reference, value given</em> in <em>/var/www/drupal5dev_prod/includes/theme.inc</em> on line <em>174</em>.', 2, '', 'http://havenscenter.org/vsp/orlando_patterson', '', '35.172.201.102', 1544981317) in /var/www/drupal5dev_prod/includes/database.mysql.inc on line 173

Warning: Table './havens_d5dev/watchdog' is marked as crashed and last (automatic?) repair failed query: INSERT INTO watchdog (uid, type, message, severity, link, location, referer, hostname, timestamp) VALUES (0, 'php', '<em>Parameter 1 to theme_field() expected to be a reference, value given</em> in <em>/var/www/drupal5dev_prod/includes/theme.inc</em> on line <em>174</em>.', 2, '', 'http://havenscenter.org/vsp/orlando_patterson', '', '35.172.201.102', 1544981317) in /var/www/drupal5dev_prod/includes/database.mysql.inc on line 173

Warning: Table './havens_d5dev/watchdog' is marked as crashed and last (automatic?) repair failed query: INSERT INTO watchdog (uid, type, message, severity, link, location, referer, hostname, timestamp) VALUES (0, 'php', '<em>Parameter 1 to theme_field() expected to be a reference, value given</em> in <em>/var/www/drupal5dev_prod/includes/theme.inc</em> on line <em>174</em>.', 2, '', 'http://havenscenter.org/vsp/orlando_patterson', '', '35.172.201.102', 1544981317) in /var/www/drupal5dev_prod/includes/database.mysql.inc on line 173

Warning: Table './havens_d5dev/watchdog' is marked as crashed and last (automatic?) repair failed query: INSERT INTO watchdog (uid, type, message, severity, link, location, referer, hostname, timestamp) VALUES (0, 'php', '<em>Parameter 1 to theme_field() expected to be a reference, value given</em> in <em>/var/www/drupal5dev_prod/includes/theme.inc</em> on line <em>174</em>.', 2, '', 'http://havenscenter.org/vsp/orlando_patterson', '', '35.172.201.102', 1544981317) in /var/www/drupal5dev_prod/includes/database.mysql.inc on line 173

Warning: Table './havens_d5dev/watchdog' is marked as crashed and last (automatic?) repair failed query: INSERT INTO watchdog (uid, type, message, severity, link, location, referer, hostname, timestamp) VALUES (0, 'php', '<em>Parameter 1 to theme_field() expected to be a reference, value given</em> in <em>/var/www/drupal5dev_prod/includes/theme.inc</em> on line <em>174</em>.', 2, '', 'http://havenscenter.org/vsp/orlando_patterson', '', '35.172.201.102', 1544981317) in /var/www/drupal5dev_prod/includes/database.mysql.inc on line 173

Warning: Table './havens_d5dev/watchdog' is marked as crashed and last (automatic?) repair failed query: INSERT INTO watchdog (uid, type, message, severity, link, location, referer, hostname, timestamp) VALUES (0, 'php', '<em>Parameter 1 to theme_field() expected to be a reference, value given</em> in <em>/var/www/drupal5dev_prod/includes/theme.inc</em> on line <em>174</em>.', 2, '', 'http://havenscenter.org/vsp/orlando_patterson', '', '35.172.201.102', 1544981317) in /var/www/drupal5dev_prod/includes/database.mysql.inc on line 173

Warning: Table './havens_d5dev/watchdog' is marked as crashed and last (automatic?) repair failed query: INSERT INTO watchdog (uid, type, message, severity, link, location, referer, hostname, timestamp) VALUES (0, 'php', '<em>Parameter 1 to theme_field() expected to be a reference, value given</em> in <em>/var/www/drupal5dev_prod/includes/theme.inc</em> on line <em>174</em>.', 2, '', 'http://havenscenter.org/vsp/orlando_patterson', '', '35.172.201.102', 1544981317) in /var/www/drupal5dev_prod/includes/database.mysql.inc on line 173

Warning: Table './havens_d5dev/watchdog' is marked as crashed and last (automatic?) repair failed query: INSERT INTO watchdog (uid, type, message, severity, link, location, referer, hostname, timestamp) VALUES (0, 'php', '<em>Parameter 1 to theme_field() expected to be a reference, value given</em> in <em>/var/www/drupal5dev_prod/includes/theme.inc</em> on line <em>174</em>.', 2, '', 'http://havenscenter.org/vsp/orlando_patterson', '', '35.172.201.102', 1544981317) in /var/www/drupal5dev_prod/includes/database.mysql.inc on line 173

Warning: Table './havens_d5dev/watchdog' is marked as crashed and last (automatic?) repair failed query: INSERT INTO watchdog (uid, type, message, severity, link, location, referer, hostname, timestamp) VALUES (0, 'php', '<em>Parameter 1 to theme_field() expected to be a reference, value given</em> in <em>/var/www/drupal5dev_prod/includes/theme.inc</em> on line <em>174</em>.', 2, '', 'http://havenscenter.org/vsp/orlando_patterson', '', '35.172.201.102', 1544981317) in /var/www/drupal5dev_prod/includes/database.mysql.inc on line 173

Warning: Table './havens_d5dev/watchdog' is marked as crashed and last (automatic?) repair failed query: INSERT INTO watchdog (uid, type, message, severity, link, location, referer, hostname, timestamp) VALUES (0, 'php', '<em>Parameter 1 to theme_field() expected to be a reference, value given</em> in <em>/var/www/drupal5dev_prod/includes/theme.inc</em> on line <em>174</em>.', 2, '', 'http://havenscenter.org/vsp/orlando_patterson', '', '35.172.201.102', 1544981317) in /var/www/drupal5dev_prod/includes/database.mysql.inc on line 173

Warning: Table './havens_d5dev/watchdog' is marked as crashed and last (automatic?) repair failed query: INSERT INTO watchdog (uid, type, message, severity, link, location, referer, hostname, timestamp) VALUES (0, 'php', '<em>Parameter 1 to theme_field() expected to be a reference, value given</em> in <em>/var/www/drupal5dev_prod/includes/theme.inc</em> on line <em>174</em>.', 2, '', 'http://havenscenter.org/vsp/orlando_patterson', '', '35.172.201.102', 1544981317) in /var/www/drupal5dev_prod/includes/database.mysql.inc on line 173

Warning: Table './havens_d5dev/watchdog' is marked as crashed and last (automatic?) repair failed query: INSERT INTO watchdog (uid, type, message, severity, link, location, referer, hostname, timestamp) VALUES (0, 'php', '<em>Parameter 1 to theme_field() expected to be a reference, value given</em> in <em>/var/www/drupal5dev_prod/includes/theme.inc</em> on line <em>174</em>.', 2, '', 'http://havenscenter.org/vsp/orlando_patterson', '', '35.172.201.102', 1544981317) in /var/www/drupal5dev_prod/includes/database.mysql.inc on line 173

Warning: Table './havens_d5dev/watchdog' is marked as crashed and last (automatic?) repair failed query: INSERT INTO watchdog (uid, type, message, severity, link, location, referer, hostname, timestamp) VALUES (0, 'php', '<em>Parameter 1 to theme_field() expected to be a reference, value given</em> in <em>/var/www/drupal5dev_prod/includes/theme.inc</em> on line <em>174</em>.', 2, '', 'http://havenscenter.org/vsp/orlando_patterson', '', '35.172.201.102', 1544981317) in /var/www/drupal5dev_prod/includes/database.mysql.inc on line 173

Warning: Table './havens_d5dev/watchdog' is marked as crashed and last (automatic?) repair failed query: INSERT INTO watchdog (uid, type, message, severity, link, location, referer, hostname, timestamp) VALUES (0, 'php', '<em>Parameter 1 to theme_field() expected to be a reference, value given</em> in <em>/var/www/drupal5dev_prod/includes/theme.inc</em> on line <em>174</em>.', 2, '', 'http://havenscenter.org/vsp/orlando_patterson', '', '35.172.201.102', 1544981317) in /var/www/drupal5dev_prod/includes/database.mysql.inc on line 173

Warning: Table './havens_d5dev/watchdog' is marked as crashed and last (automatic?) repair failed query: INSERT INTO watchdog (uid, type, message, severity, link, location, referer, hostname, timestamp) VALUES (0, 'php', '<em>Parameter 1 to theme_field() expected to be a reference, value given</em> in <em>/var/www/drupal5dev_prod/includes/theme.inc</em> on line <em>174</em>.', 2, '', 'http://havenscenter.org/vsp/orlando_patterson', '', '35.172.201.102', 1544981317) in /var/www/drupal5dev_prod/includes/database.mysql.inc on line 173

Warning: Table './havens_d5dev/watchdog' is marked as crashed and last (automatic?) repair failed query: INSERT INTO watchdog (uid, type, message, severity, link, location, referer, hostname, timestamp) VALUES (0, 'php', '<em>Parameter 1 to theme_field() expected to be a reference, value given</em> in <em>/var/www/drupal5dev_prod/includes/theme.inc</em> on line <em>174</em>.', 2, '', 'http://havenscenter.org/vsp/orlando_patterson', '', '35.172.201.102', 1544981317) in /var/www/drupal5dev_prod/includes/database.mysql.inc on line 173

Warning: Table './havens_d5dev/watchdog' is marked as crashed and last (automatic?) repair failed query: INSERT INTO watchdog (uid, type, message, severity, link, location, referer, hostname, timestamp) VALUES (0, 'php', '<em>Parameter 1 to theme_field() expected to be a reference, value given</em> in <em>/var/www/drupal5dev_prod/includes/theme.inc</em> on line <em>174</em>.', 2, '', 'http://havenscenter.org/vsp/orlando_patterson', '', '35.172.201.102', 1544981317) in /var/www/drupal5dev_prod/includes/database.mysql.inc on line 173

Warning: Table './havens_d5dev/watchdog' is marked as crashed and last (automatic?) repair failed query: INSERT INTO watchdog (uid, type, message, severity, link, location, referer, hostname, timestamp) VALUES (0, 'php', '<em>Parameter 1 to theme_field() expected to be a reference, value given</em> in <em>/var/www/drupal5dev_prod/includes/theme.inc</em> on line <em>174</em>.', 2, '', 'http://havenscenter.org/vsp/orlando_patterson', '', '35.172.201.102', 1544981317) in /var/www/drupal5dev_prod/includes/database.mysql.inc on line 173

Warning: Table './havens_d5dev/watchdog' is marked as crashed and last (automatic?) repair failed query: INSERT INTO watchdog (uid, type, message, severity, link, location, referer, hostname, timestamp) VALUES (0, 'php', '<em>Parameter 1 to theme_field() expected to be a reference, value given</em> in <em>/var/www/drupal5dev_prod/includes/theme.inc</em> on line <em>174</em>.', 2, '', 'http://havenscenter.org/vsp/orlando_patterson', '', '35.172.201.102', 1544981317) in /var/www/drupal5dev_prod/includes/database.mysql.inc on line 173

Warning: Table './havens_d5dev/watchdog' is marked as crashed and last (automatic?) repair failed query: INSERT INTO watchdog (uid, type, message, severity, link, location, referer, hostname, timestamp) VALUES (0, 'php', '<em>Parameter 1 to theme_field() expected to be a reference, value given</em> in <em>/var/www/drupal5dev_prod/includes/theme.inc</em> on line <em>174</em>.', 2, '', 'http://havenscenter.org/vsp/orlando_patterson', '', '35.172.201.102', 1544981317) in /var/www/drupal5dev_prod/includes/database.mysql.inc on line 173
Freedom in the Making of Western Culture: A Symposium | Havens Center

Freedom in the Making of Western Culture: A Symposium

Orlando Patterson
Freedom and Power in Early Modern Britain: The Social Reconstruction of the Ancient Legacy
April 23, 1993, 3:00PM, State Historical Society
Inheritance and Reinvention: Class, Race, and Power in the American Reconstruction of Freedom….with Robin Blackburn, John Higginson, & Joan Landes
April 24, 1993, 3:30PM, State Historical Society Auditorium